Sources of Finance for a Business.
It includes the dynamics of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk.
Sources of Finance for a Business
For any businesses be it start-ups or established ones, there are internal and external sources.
A. Internal sources of Finance
1. Personal sources:
These are the most important sources of finance, especially for a start-up business. When someone opens a new business it is more likely he/she needs to invest from his/her own pocket at first before trying to raise money from other sources. Most of the time family members contribute capital for the startup entrepreneurs.
It is the net income of a business minus any dividend paid to the shareholders. Usually, small business grows investing back the retained earnings. This is the common way for a small firm to grow.
B. External sources of Finance
1.A bank loan:
A bank loan is a long term financing for a business usually banks will require providing some security for the loan. Normally the bank is used for purchasing the fixed assets and that asset could be put as security to the bank.
2.A bank overdraft:
A bank overdraft is a kind of bank loan but the short-term bank may approve a business as a certain amount of loan facility and when the bank balance of the business goes below zero then it can use the loan in return for paying a high rate of interest.
4.Share Capital (IPO):
An established business may want to issue IPOs to raise capital for the expansion of existing business or to pay off the long term debt. instrument.
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