Meaning of Work Study
Meaning of Work Study can be focused as a scientific method which ensures measurement into work content of a job & takes recourse to better method of doing it & thus realizes the best utilization of human, machinery & other resources of an organization. In a nut shell this is a science of sitting up standard time of job & discovering the best and the easiest way of performing of that job. Thus the job of work study is to investigate how a work is being done, whether there is any defect in doing it & to improve the method of working of the job so that productivity improves per unit time or per unit worker or per unit machine.
Thus we may define work study in the following way:
work study is the systematic method of examining existing ways of doing a job so as to improve productivity & to set up standard time for each job.
Systematic feature of work study –
Work study as a method is systematic in nature. It succeeds because it is systematic in studying the problems & also systematic in devolving the covered solution.
Comprehensiveness of work study –
Work study is a very through process in investigating problems in production floor & it is also comprehensive in determining solution of such problems. As work study is involved in rigorous study of problems & through working out of solution, is it a time consuming matter. Production manager or floor manager or supervisor can’t devote enough time to dedicate to such systematic & through study.
Thus work study is a full time duty. This is the reason why an enterprise needs to allocate a full department for work study matter. Textile & garment industries must have independent work study department.
Difficulties in implementing work study –
Work study always involves itself in through investigation of all process and factors that impair productivity by close supervision. It often bare upon the shortcomings of a person or a certain department. For a example, it may point out that a number of operators have been sitting idle due to the shortage of basic inputs or say due to the non-availability of o folder urgently required by an operation or that approved sample or swatch card was not supplied in time or that pattern was defective. Thus work study often points its finger to people in the organization which in turn prompts animosity towards this department. So personnel working in this department should be very tactful in doing their job and handling people.
Resolve of the top management in implementing work study –
But it is the resolve of the top management of the organization and its unflinching support that can help implement work study in an enterprise. Because with the introduction of work study working method will undergo a lot of change, which old-fashioned executives may not like to accept as they are used to doing things “as they have always been doing”.