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Financial Market and its Characteristics

Financial Market and its Characteristics: In the economic sense, investment means the commitment of funds to capital assets. Accordingly, the investors are users of funds that they own or acquire in the market.

Investors supply the funds by acquiring debt and equity instruments with their savings and they also transfer these instruments among each other. In this connection investment market includes the markets for funds both short and long term.

Financial Market and its Characteristics


Financial Market and its Characteristics

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A market is a mechanism that brings buyers and sellers together to aid in the transfer of goods and services. It is not a physical location where physical commodities are found ready to be bought and sold. Rather it is a process by which buyers and sellers can communicate regarding the relevant aspects of the transaction.

So, the financial market is a mechanism that brings buyers and sellers of financial assets together for fixing the price of a particular security. Under such a mechanism, those who establish and administer the market do not own the assets.

  • They provide a physical location or an electronic system allowing potential buyers and sellers to interact.
  • They provide the necessary information and logistic support to transfer the ownership of the securities being traded. 


financial market and its characteristics

 Fig. :  Types of Financial Markets


Characteristics of a Market.

Individuals enter into the securities markets to buy or sell their securities at a price justified by the prevailing supply and demand. An efficient market is where the participants must have timely and accurate information on the volume and prices of past transactions and on all currently outstanding bids and offers.

A Good Security Market Possesses The Following Characteristics:

Investors will be able to get accurate and quick information necessary for secure transactions.

A market should operate in a position where the ability to buy or sell an asset at a fixed price is not substantially different from the price for the prior transaction, assuming no new information is available.

A market should ensure the price continuity meaning that prices do not change much from one transaction to the next unless substantial new information becomes available. A continuous market without large price changes between trades is a characteristic of a liquid market.

The buyers and sellers trade at prices above and below the current market price.

An efficient or good market is one in which the transaction cost is minimum i.e., the market should be internally efficient.

A market should reflect all the information available regarding the supply and demand factors in the market. This condition is referred to as external or informational efficiency.


Financial Market and its Characteristics



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About Mohammed Ahaduzzaman

Mr. Zaman is a Founder and Freelance Writer @ BBALectures Blog! Blogging is his passion. He loves writing on Entrepreneurship, Finances, Accounting, HR and Business Issues. By profession, He serving as Accounting Professional at Zaman Accounting.

One comment

  1. Please I need more light about the charectaristic of financial marketing product

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